A Forbidding God speaks from the burning mountain

Leviticus 1:1
The Lord called to Moses out of the tent of meeting, and said to him…
Leviticus 1:4
And he shall lay both his hands upon the head of the burnt offering [transferring symbolically his guilt to the victim], and it shall be an acceptable atonement for him. [1 Peter 1:2; Hebrews 13:15-16].

The first step toward understanding the message of Leviticus is to appreciate its viewpoint, indicated here – “The Lord called Moses out of the tent of meeting,” and talked to him.

Before this a forbidding God has spoken from the burning mountain; but now the tabernacle is erected according to the God-given pattern, and a God Who dwells among His people in fellowship with them talks with His servant Moses “out of the tent of meeting”.

The people, therefore, are not treated as sinners alienated from God, “but as being already brought into a new relationship, even that of fellowship, on the ground of a blood-sealed covenant” [J. Sidlow Baxter, in Explore the Book].
– The Amplified Bible: page 120

To render the self-sacrifice perfect, it was necessary that the offerer should spiritually die, and that through the mediator of his salvation he should put his soul into a living fellowship with the Lord by sinking it as it were into the death of the sacrifice that had died for him, and should also bring his bodily members within the operations of the gracious Spirit of God, that thus he might be renewed and sanctified [separated for holy use] both body and soul, and enter into untion with God. [ Keil and Delitzsch, Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament, Martin tra., 11, 291].
– The Amplified Bible: page 120

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