Introduction: Titus

Titus Completed by Jeremiah Smith. THIS Epistle of Paul to Titus is much of the same nature with those to Timothy; both were converts of Paul, and his companions in labours and sufferings; both were in the office of evangelists, whose work was to water the churches planted by the apostles, and to set in order the things that were wanting in them: they were vice-apostles, as it were, working the work of the Lord, as they did, and mostly Continue Reading

Introduction: 2nd Timothy

Second Timothy Completed by Benjamin Andrews Atkinson. THIS second epistle Paul wrote to Timothy from Rome, when he was a prisoner there and in danger of his life; this is evident from these words, I am now ready to be offered, and the time of my departure is at hand, ch. iv. 6. It appears that his removal out of this world, in his own apprehension, was not far off, especially considering the rage and malice of his persecutors; and that he Continue Reading

Introduction: 1st Timothy

First Timothy Completed by Benjamin Andrews Atkinson. HITHERTO Paul's epistles were directed to churches; now follow some to particular persons: two to Timothy, one to Titus, and another to Philemon--all three ministers. Timothy and Titus were evangelists, an inferior order to the apostles, as appears by Eph. iv. 11, Some prophets, some apostles, some evangelists. Their commission and work was much the same with that of the apostles, to Continue Reading

Introduction: 2nd Thessalonians

Second Thessalonians Completed by Daniel Mayo. THIS Second Epistle was written soon after the former, and seems to have been designed to prevent a mistake, which might arise from some passages in the former epistle, concerning the second coming of Christ, as if it were near at hand. The apostle in this epistle is careful to prevent any wrong use which some among them might make of those expressions of his that were agreeable to the dialect Continue Reading

Introduction: 1st Thessalonians

First Thessalonians Completed by DANIEL MAYO. THESSALONICA was formerly the metropolis of Macedonia; it is now called Salonichi, and is the best peopled, and one of the best towns for commerce, in the Levant. The apostle Paul, being diverted from his design of going into the provinces of Asia, properly so called, and directed after an extraordinary manner to preach the gospel in Macedonia (Acts xvi. 9, 10), in obedience to the call of God Continue Reading

Introduction: Colossians

Colossians Completed by WILLIAM HARRIS. COLOSSE was a considerable city of Phrygia, and probably not far from Laodicea and Hierapolis; we find these mentioned together, iv. 13. It is now buried in ruins, and the memory of it chiefly preserved in this epistle. The design of the epistle is to warn them of the danger of the Jewish zealots, who pressed the necessity of observing the ceremonial law; and to fortify them against the mixture of the Continue Reading

Introduction: Philippians

Philippians Completed by WILLIAM HARRIS. PHILIPPI was a chief city of the western part of Macedonia, prote tes meridos tes Makedonias polis, Acts xvi. 12. It took its name from Philip, the famous king of Macedon, who repaired and beautified it, and it was afterwards made a Roman colony. Near this place were the Campi Philippici, remarkable for the famous battles between Julius Cæsar and Pompey the Great, and that between Augustus and Continue Reading

Introduction: Ephesians

Ephesians Completed by Samuel Rosewell. SOME think that this epistle to the Ephesians was a circular letter sent to several churches, and that the copy directed to the Ephesians happened to be taken into the canon, and so it came to bear that particular inscription. And they have been induced the rather to think this because it is the only one of all Paul's epistles that has nothing in it peculiarly adapted to the state or case of that Continue Reading

Introduction: Galatians

Galatians Completed by JOSHUA BAYES. THIS epistle of Paul is directed not to the church or churches of a single city, as some others are, but of a country or province, for so Galatia was. It is very probable that these Galatians were first converted to the Christian faith by his ministry; or, if he was not the instrument of planting, yet at least he had been employed in watering these churches, as is evident from this epistle itself, and Continue Reading

Introduction: 2nd Corinthians

Second Corinthians Completed by Daniel Mayo. IN his former epistle the apostle had signified his intentions of coming to Corinth, as he passed through Macedonia (xvi. 5), but, being providentially hindered for some time, he writes this second epistle to them about a year after the former; and there seem to be these two urgent occasions:-- 1. The case of the incestuous person, who lay under censure, required that with all speed he should Continue Reading