Deuteronomy 31:1-8; Solemn Warnings; Joshua Encouraged; Moses is 120 years old, and it is time for him to think of resigning his honour and returning to his rest; He is under divine sentence; He commends Joshua to them for a leader; Note, What God has made our duty we have reason to expect opportunity and assistance from Him for the doing of; So that from all this he had reason enough to bid them be strong and of good courage; While they had the power of God engaged for them they had no reason to fear all the powers of Caanan engaged against them; B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 31 In this chapter Moses, having finished his sermon, I. Encourages both the people who were now to enter Canaan (ver. 1-6), and Joshua who was to lead them, ver. 7, 8, 23. And, II. He takes care for the keeping of these things always in their remembrance after his decease, 1. By the book of the law which was, (1.) Written. (2.) Delivered into the custody of the priests, ver. 9, and 24-27. (3.) Ordered to Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 30:15-20; The Advantages of Revelation [Part 2]; “See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil;” Every man covets to obtain life and good, and to escape death and evil, desires happiness and dreads misery; Every man is moved and governed in his actions by hope and fear, hope of good and fear of evil, real or apparent; He gives life, preserves life, restores life, and prolongs it by His power though it is a frail life, and by His patience though it is a forfeited life: He sweetens life with His comforts, and is the sovereign Lord of life; in His hand our breath is. B.C. 1451

The Advantages of Revelation [Part 2] Deuteronomy 30:15-20 15 See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil;   16 In that I command thee this day to love the LORD thy God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that thou mayest live and multiply: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest to possess it.   17 But if thine heart turn away, so Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 30:11-14; The Advantages of Revelation; This is true of the law of Moses; They could never plead in excuse of their disobedience that God had enjoined them that which was either unintelligible or impracticable, impossible to be known or to be done; It is not hidden from thee: That is, not send messengers to heaven, to enquire what thou must do to please God; nor needed thou go beyond sea, as philosophers did, that travelled through many and distant regions in pursuit of learning; nor is the commandment within the reach of those only that have a great estate or a refined genius, but it is very nigh unto thee; It is not wrapped up in obscure phrases or figures to puzzle and amuse thee, or in hieroglyphics, but it is in thy heart; it is delivered in such a manner as that it is level to thy capacity, even to the capacity of the meanest. B.C. 1451

The Advantages of Revelation. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 30:11-14 11 For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not hidden from thee, neither is it far off.   12 It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, that we may hear it, and do it?   13 Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say, Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, Continue Reading

Dueteronomy 3O:1-10; Promises to the Penitent; These verses may be considered either as a conditional promise or as an absolute prediction; They are chiefly to be considered as a conditional promise, and so they belong to all persons and all people, and not to Israel only; and the design of them is to assure us that the greatest sinners, if they repent and be converted, shall have their sins pardoned, and be restored to God’s favour; If sinners would but seriously consider the happiness they have lost by sin and the misery they have brought themselves into, and that by repentance they may escape that misery and recover that happiness, they would not delay to return to the Lord their God. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 30 One would have thought that the threatenings in the close of the foregoing chapter had made a full end of the people of Israel, and had left their case for ever desperate; but in this chapter we have a plain intimation of the mercy God had in store for them in the latter days, so that mercy at length rejoices against judgment, and has the last word. Here we have, I. Exceedingly great and precious Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 29:10-29; The Covenant Renewed; It is the Lord their God they are to covenant with; To Him they must give up themselves, to Him they must join themselves; “It is His oath; He has drawn up the covenant and settled it; He required your consent to it; He has sworn to you and to Him you must be sworn;” This requires us to be sincere and serious, humble and reverent, in our covenant-transactions with God, remembering how great a God He is with Whom we are covenanting, Who has a perfect knowledge of us and an absolute dominion over us; Though God has kept much of His counsel secret, yet there is enough revealed to satisfy and save us; We ought to acquaint ourselves, and our children too, with the things of God that are revealed; We are not only allowed to search into them, but are concerned to do so. B.C. 1451

The Covenant Renewed. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 29:10-29 10 Ye stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel,   11 Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:   12 That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the LORD thy God, and into his oath, Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 29:1-9; Mercies Called to Remembrance; Note, Those that have solemnly covenanted with God should take all opportunities to do it again, as those that like their choice too well to change; But the far greater part were a new generation, and therefore the covenant must be made afresh with them, for it is fit that the covenant should be renewed to the children of the covenant; “The Lord, who is the Father of spirits, a God in covenant with you, and who had always been so rich in mercy to you, no doubt would have crowned all His other gifts with this, He would have given you a heart to perceive and eyes to see if you had not by your own frowardness and perverseness frustrated His kind intentions, and received His grace in vain.”

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 29 The first words of this chapter are the contents of it, "These are the words of the covenant" (ver. 1), that is, these that follow. Here is, I. A recital of God's dealings with them, in order to the bringing of them into this covenant, ver. 2-8. II. A solemn charge to them to keep the covenant, ver. 9. III. An abstract of the covenant itself, ver. 12, 13. IV. A specification of the persons taken into the Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 28:45-68; Threatenings [Part 2]; If they would not be ruled by the commands of God, they should certainly be ruined by His curse; It is amazing to think that a people so long the favourites of Heaven should be so perfectly abandoned and cast off, that a people so closely incorporated should be so universally dispersed, and yet that a people so scattered in all nations should preserve themselves distinct and not mix with any, but like Cain be fugitives and vagabonds, and yet marked to be known; Observe, The terror arises not only from the sight of the eyes, but from the fear fo the heart, not only from real dangers, but from imaginary ones; the causes of fear, when they come to be enquired into, often prove to be only the creatures of the fancy; Let us hence learn to stand in awe and not to sin. B.C. 1451

Threatenings [Part 2] Deuteronomy 28:45-68 45 Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep his commandments and his statutes which he commanded thee:   46 And they shall be upon thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever.   47 Because thou servedst not the LORD thy God with Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 28:15-44; Threatenings; The equity of this Curse; It is not a curse causeless, nor for some light cause; God seeks not occasion against us, nor is He apt to quarrel with us; That which is here mentioned as bringing the curse is, Despising God, Deserting Him, Disobeying Him; God never casts us off till we first cast Him off; There is no running from God but by running to Him, no fleeing from His justice but by fleeing to His mercy; Wherever the sinner goes, the curse of God follows him; wherever he is, it rests upon him; Note, God’s judgments can reach the minds of men to fill them with darkness and horror, as well as their bodies and estates; and those are the sorest of all judgments which make men a terror to themselves, and their own destroyers; Note, God often makes men’s sin their punishment, and chooses their delusions; You shall serve other gods, that is “You shall serve those that do serve them;” a Nation is often in Scripture called by the name of its gods, as Jer. 48:7; They had made idolaters their associates, and now God made idolaters their oppressors. B.C. 1451

Threatenings. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 28:15-44 15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to observe to do all his commandments and his statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee:   16 Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field.   17 Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store.   18 Cursed Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 28:1-14; Promises; This chapter is a very large exposition of two words in the foregoing chapter, the Blessing and the Curse; The Blessings are here put before the curses, to intimate, That God is slow to anger, but swift to show mercy: He has said it, and sworn, that He would much rather we would obey and live than sin and die; That though both the promises and the threatenings are designed to bring and hold us to our duty, yet it is better that we be allured to that which is good by a filial hope of God’s favour than that we be frightened to it by a servile fear of His wrath; Note, Those that are sincere in holiness God will establish in holiness; and He is of power to do it; He that is holy shall be holy still; As long as we keep close to God He will never forsake us; The favourites of Heaven are truly great, and, first or last, it will be made to appear that they are so, if not in this world, yet at that day when those who confess Christ now shall be confessed by Him before men and angels, as those whom He delights to honour. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 28 This chapter is a very large exposition of two words in the foregoing chapter, the blessing and the curse. Those were pronounced blessed in general that were obedient, and those cursed that were disobedient; but, because generals are not so affecting, Moses here descends to particulars, and describes the blessing and the curse, not in their fountains (these are out of sight, and therefore the most Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 27:11-26; The Curses from Ebal; God appointed which tribes should stand upon Mount Gerizim and which on Mount Ebal; The curses come in as exceptions from the general rule, and we know ‘exceptio firmat regulam–the exception confirms the rule’; This shows how ready God is to bestow the blessing; if any fall under the curse, they may thank themselves, they bring it upon their own heads; Note, Ministers must preach the terrors of the law as well as the comforts of the Gospel; must not only allure people to their duty with the promises of a blessing, but awe them to it with the threatenings of a curse; The apostle, following all the ancient versions, reads it, Cursed is every one that continues not, Gal. 3:10; Lest those who were guilty of other sins, not mentioned in this commination, should think themselves safe from the curse, this last reaches all; not only those who do the evil which the law forbids, but those also who omit the good which the law requires. B.C. 1451

The Curses from Ebal. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 27:11-26 11 And Moses charged the people the same day, saying,   12 These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan; Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin:   13 And these shall stand upon mount Ebal to curse; Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.   14 And the Levites shall speak, and say Continue Reading