Esther 10:1-3; The Glory of Mordecai; [This is but a part of a chapter, the rest of it, beginning at v. 4, with six chapters more, being found only in the Greek, is rejected as apocryphal]; We are told here, How great and powerful King Ahasuerus was; How great and good Mordecai was; Men of merit may for a time seem buried alive; but often, by some means or other, they are discovered and preferred at last; When the kingdoms of men, monarchs and monarchies, are destroyed, and their memorial has perished with them [Ps. 9:6], the kingdom of God among men, and the records of that Kingdom, shall remain and be as the days of heaven, Dan. 2:44. B.C. 495

E S T H E R CHAPTER 10 This is but a part of a chapter; the rest of it, beginning at v. 4, with six chapters more, being found only in the Greek, is rejected as apocryphal. In these three verses we have only some short hints, I. Concerning Ahasuerus in the throne, what a mighty prince he was, ver. 1, 2. II. Concerning Mordecai his favourite, what a distinguished blessing he was to his people, ver. 2, 3. The Glory of Continue Reading

Esther 9:20-32; The Feast of Purim; A festival was instituted, to be observed yearly from generation to generation by the Jews, in remembrance of this wonderful work which God had wrought for them, that the children who should be born might know it, and declare it to their children, that they might set their hope in God, [Ps. 78:6, 7]. It would be for the honour of God as the protector of His people, and the honour of Israel as the care of Heaven, a confirmation of the fidelity of God’s covenant, an invitation to strangers to come into the bonds of it, and an encouragement to God’s own people cheerfully to depend upon His wisdom, power, and goodness, in the greatest straits; Nothing more purifies the heart and adorns religion than holy joy; nothing more pollutes the heart and reproaches religion than carnal mirth and sensual pleasure. “Corruptio optimi est pessima–What is best becomes when corrupted the worst.” B.C. 509

The Feast of Purim. B. C. 509. Esther 9:20-32 20 And Mordecai wrote these things, and sent letters unto all the Jews that were in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, both nigh and far,   21 To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,   22 As the days wherein the Jews rested from their enemies, and the month which was turned unto Continue Reading

Esther 9:1-19; The Jews Avenged; What the Jews did for themselves: They gathered themselves together in their cities, embodied, and stood upon their defence, offering violence to none, but bidding defiance to all; If they had not had an edict to warrant them, they durst not have done it, but, being so supported, they strove lawfully; Had they acted separately, each family apart, they would have been an easy prey to their enemies; but acting in concert, and gathering together in their cities, they strengthened one another, and durst face their enemies “Vis unita fortior–forces act most powerfully when combined”. B.C. 509

E S T H E R CHAPTER 9 We left two royal edicts in force, both given at the court of Shushan, one bearing date the thirteenth day of the first month, appointing that on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month then next ensuing all the Jews should be killed; another bearing date the twenty-third day of the third month, empowering the Jews, on the day appointed for their slaughter, to draw the sword in their own defence and make their Continue Reading

Esther 8:15-17; The Joy of the Jews; Mordecai in purple; The Jews in joy; The suddenness and strangeness of the turn of affairs in their favour added much to their joy; When the Church prospers, and is smiled upon, many will come into it that will be shy of it when it is in trouble; It is folly to think of contending with the God of Israel, and therefore it is wisdom to think of submitting to Him. B.C. 510

The Joy of the Jews. B. C. 510. Esther 8:15-17 15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold, and with a garment of fine linen and purple: and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad.   16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.   17 And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king's commandment and his decree Continue Reading

Esther 8:3-14; The Jews Encouraged to Self-Defence; Many a man’s mischief survives him, and the wickedness he devised operates when he is gone; What men project and write may, after their death, be either profitable or very pernicious; The king knew, and informed the queen, that, according to the constitution of the Persian government, the former edict could not be revoked; This savours of that old presumption which ruined us all: We will be as gods; Much more prudent is that proviso of our constitution, that no law can, by any words or sanctions whatsoever, be made unrepealable, and more than any estate unalienable; “Cujus est instruere, ejus est destruere–the right to enact implies the right to repeal”; It is God’s prerogative not to repent, and to say what can never be altered or unsaid; Yet the king found an expedient to undo the devices of Haman, “vim vi repellere, et invasorem occidere–to oppose force to force, and destroy the assailant”. B.C. 510

The Jews Encouraged to Self-Defence. B. C. 510. Esther 8:3-14 3 And Esther spake yet again before the king, and fell down at his feet, and besought him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite, and his device that he had devised against the Jews.   4 Then the king held out the golden sceptre toward Esther. So Esther arose, and stood before the king,   5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have found Continue Reading

Esther 8:1-2; Esther and Mordecai Enriched; We left the potter hanging, and are now to see what becomes of his plot; What Haman would have done mischief with Esther will do good with; and estates are to be valued as they are used; Mordacai advanced; See the vanity of laying up treasure upon earth; he that heapeth up riches knoweth not who shall gather them [Ps. 39:6], not only whether he shall be a wise man or a fool [Eccl. 2:19], but whether he shall be a friend or an enemy. B.C. 510

E S T H E R CHAPTER 8 We left the plotter hanging, and are now to see what becomes of his plot. I. His plot was to raise an estate for himself; and all his estate, being confiscated for treason, is given to Esther and Mordecai, ver. 1, 2. II. His plot was to ruin the Jews; and as to that, 1. Esther earnestly intercedes for the reversing of the edict against them, ver. 3-6. 2. It is in effect done by another edict, here published, Continue Reading

Esther 7:7-10; The King Incensed Against Haman; Haman Hanged upon His Own Gallows; The king retires in anger; Vexed at himself, that he should be such a fool as to doom a guiltless nation to destruction, and his queen among the rest, upon the base suggestions of a self-seeking man, without examining the truth of his allegations; Those that are most haughty, insolent, and imperious, when they are in power and prosperity, are commonly the most abject and poor-spirited when the wheel turns upon them; Cowards, they say, are most cruel, and then consciousness of their cruelty makes them the more cowardly; God resists the proud; and those whom He resists will find Him irresistible. B.C. 510

The King Incensed Against Haman; Haman Hanged upon His Own Gallows. B. C. 510. Esther 7:7-10 7 And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his wrath went into the palace garden: and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen; for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king.   8 Then the king returned out of the palace garden into the place of the banquet of wine; and Haman was Continue Reading

Esther 7:1-6; Haman Accused by Esther; The king in humour, and Haman out of humour, meet at Esther’s table; Haman is soon apprehensive of his danger; He was afraid before the king and queen; and it was time for him to fear when the queen was his prosecutor, the king his judge, and his own conscience a witness against him; He is cast into a net by his own feet. B.C. 510

E S T H E R CHAPTER 7 We are now to attend the second banquet to which the king and Haman were invited: and there, I. Esther presents her petition to the king for her life and the life of her people, ver. 1-4. II. She plainly tells the king that Haman is the man who designed her ruin and the ruin of all her friends, ver. 5, 6. III. The king thereupon gave orders for the hanging of Haman upon the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai, Continue Reading

Esther 6:12-14; Haman Cast Down; Honour is well bestowed on those that are not made proud and idle by it, and will not think themselves above their business; How Haman’s doom was, out of this event, read to him by his wife and his friends; They foretold his destiny as fatal and unavoidable; “Thou shalt not prevail to root out that people, Heaven plainly fights against thee;” It has been observed of great court-favourites that when once they have been frowned upon they have fallen utterly, as fast as they rose; it is true of the Church’s enemies that when God begins with them He will make an end. As for God His work is perfect; The wisdom of God is seen in timing the means of His Church’s deliverance so as to manifest His own glory. B.C. 510

Haman Cast Down. B. C. 510. Esther 6:12-14 12 And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hasted to his house mourning, and having his head covered.   13 And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen him. Then said his wise men and Zeresh his wife unto him, If Mordecai be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to fall, thou shalt not prevail against him, but Continue Reading

Esther 6:4-11; The Honour Conferred on Mordecai; Haman is so impatient to get Mordecai hanged that he comes to court early; The king is so impatient to have Mordecai honoured; Note, It is a good property in kings, and other superiors, to delight in bestowing rewards and not to delight in punishing; Parents and masters should take a pleasure in commending and encouraging that which is good in those under their charge; Solomon says, The heart of the king is unsearchable [Prov. 25:3], but it is not unchangeable. B.C. 510

The Honour Conferred on Mordecai. B. C. 510. Esther 6:4-11 4 And the king said, Who is in the court? Now Haman was come into the outward court of the king's house, to speak unto the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him.   5 And the king's servants said unto him, Behold, Haman standeth in the court. And the king said, Let him come in.   6 So Haman came in. And the king said unto him, What Continue Reading