John 19:16-18; Christ Condemned; The Crucifixion; What death Christ died; the death of the cross, a bloody, painful, shameful death, a cursed death; He was nailed to the cross, as a sacrifice bound to the altar, as a Saviour fixed for His undertaking; His ear nailed to God’s door-post, to serve Him for ever; He was lifted up as the brazen serpent, hung between heaven and earth because he was unworthy of either, abandoned by both; His hands were stretched out to invite and embrace us.

Christ Condemned; The Crucifixion. John 19:16-18 16 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be crucified. And they took Jesus, and led him away.   17 And he bearing his cross went forth into a place called the place of a skull, which is called in the Hebrew Golgotha:   18 Where they crucified him, and two other with him, on either side one, and Jesus in the midst. We have here sentence of death passed upon our Lord Continue Reading

John 19:1-15; Christ Arraigned before Pilate; The Crown of Thorns and the Purple Robe; The judge abuses the prisoner, though he declares Him innocent, and hopes therewith to pacify the prosecutors; wherein his intention, if indeed it was good, will by no means justify his proceedings, which were palpably unjust.

J O H N. CHAPTER 19 Though in the history hitherto this evangelist seems industriously to have declined the recording of such passages as had been related by the other evangelists, yet, when he comes to the sufferings and death of Christ, instead of passing them over, as one ashamed of his Master's chain and cross, and looking upon them as the blemishes of his story, he repeats what had been before related, with considerable enlargements, Continue Reading

John 18:28-40; Christ in the Judgment-Hall; Christ Arraigned before Pilate; Christ’s Kingdom was not of this world, in which truth faileth, ‘Qui nescit dissimulare, nescit regnare–He that cannot dissemble knows not how to reign,’ but of that world in which truth reigns eternally; Christ’s errand into the world, and His business in the world, were to bear witness to the truth.

Christ in the Judgment-Hall; Christ Arraigned before Pilate. John 18:28-40 28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.   29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?   30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a Continue Reading

John 18:13-27; Christ before Annas and Caiaphas; The Fall of Peter; Christ Arraigned; Peter Again Denies Christ; Note, Yielding to one temptation invites another, and perhaps stronger; Satan redoubles his attacks when we give ground; One lie needs another to support it, and that another; It is the devil’s politics “Male facta male factis tegere, ne perpluant–To cover sin with sin, in order to escape detection.”

Christ before Annas and Caiaphas; The Fall of Peter; Christ Arraigned; Peter Again Denies Christ. John 18:13-27 13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.   14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.   15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple Continue Reading

John 18:1-12; Christ in the Garden; The Treachery of Judas; The Ear of Malachus Cut Off; Christ Yields Himself a Prisoner; One would have thought the cure of Malchus’s ear should have made them relent, but nothing would win upon them: “Maledictus furor, quem nec majestast miraculi nec pietas beneficii confringere potuit–Accursed rage, which the grandeur of the miracle could not appease, nor the tenderness of the favour conciliate.”–Anselm.

J O H N. CHAPTER 18 Hitherto this evangelist has recorded little of the history of Christ, only so far as was requisite to introduce his discourses; but now that the time drew nigh that Jesus must die he is very particular in relating the circumstances of his sufferings, and some which the others had omitted, especially his sayings. So far were his followers from being ashamed of his cross, or endeavouring to conceal it, that this was Continue Reading

John 17:24-26; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; A Petition for the glorifying of all those that were given to Christ, not only these apostles, but all believers; Observe, The Glory of the Redeemer is the brightness of heaven; That glory before which angels cover their faces was His glory; “It is the glory of the Redeemer to dwell in the redeemed: it is His rest for ever, and He has desired it;” Let us therefore make sure our union with Christ, and then take the comfort of His intercession; This prayer had an end, but that He ever lives to make.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:24-26 24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.   25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.   26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare Continue Reading

John 17:20-23; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;” Next to their purity He prays for their unity; See how much good it would do to the world to know better how dear to God all good Christians are; The Jews had a saying, “If the world did but know the worth of good men, they would hedge them about with pearls;” Those that have so much of God’s love should have more of ours.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:20-23 20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;   21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.   22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:   23 I in them, and thou Continue Reading

John 17:17-19; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; “Sanctify them through Thy truth: Thy word is truth”: “Complete it, crown it with the perfection of holiness; sanctify them throughout and to the end.” Note, It is the prayer of Christ for all that are His that they may be sanctified; because He cannot for shame own them as His, either here or hereafter, either employ them in His work or present them to His Father, if they be not sanctified; Those that through grace are sanctified have need to be sanctified more and more.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:17-19 17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.   18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.   19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. The next thing he prayed for for them was that they might be sanctified; not only kept from evil, but made good. I. Here is the petition Continue Reading

John 17:11-16; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; He does not pray that they might be rich and great in the world, that they might raise estates and get preferments, but that they might be kept from sin, and furnished for their duty, and brought safely to heaven; He came to conquer, not to countenance, those intemperate heats and passions which make men impatient of life, and importunate for death; It is His will that we should take up our cross, and not outrun it.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:11-16 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are. 12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be Continue Reading

John 17:6-10; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer – Part 2; Christ having prayed for Himself, comes next to pray for those that are His, and He knew them by name; Whom He did not pray for: “I pray not for the world”: The world is here opposed to the elect, who are given to Christ out of the world

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:6-10 6 I have manifested thy name unto the men which thou gavest me out of the world: thine they were, and thou gavest them me; and they have kept thy word.   7 Now they have known that all things whatsoever thou hast given me are of thee.   8 For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me; and they have received them, and have known surely that I came out from thee, and Continue Reading