Ruth 4:13-22; The Pedigree of David; Naomi Comforted in Her Grandson; Boaz had prayed that this pious proselyte might receive a full reward of her courage and constance from the God of Israel, under Whose wings she had come to trust; Thus sometimes God raiseth up the poor out of the dust, to set them with princes {Ps. 113:7, 8}; Observe, They say of Ruth that she loved Naomi, and therefore was better to her than seven sons, ‘and there is a friend that sticks closer than a brother’; Ruth is hereby brought in among the ancestors of David and Christ, which was the greatest honour. B.C. 1312

The Pedigree of David; Naomi Comforted in Her Grandson. B. C. 1312. Ruth 4:13-22 13 So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son.   14 And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel.   15 And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher Continue Reading

Ruth 4:9-12; Ruth Married to Boaz; House and riches are the inheritance of fathers, but a prudent wife is more valuable, is from the Lord as a special gift; He designed, in marrying her, to preserve the memory of the dead; And this history, being preserved for the sake of that marriage and the issue of it, proved an effectual means to perpetuate the name of Mahlon, even beyond the thought or intention of Boaz, to the world’s end; And observe that because Boaz did this honour to the dead, as well as this kindness to the living, God did him the honour to bring him into the genealogy of the Messiah, by which his family was dignified above all the families of Israel; While the other kinsman, that was so much afraid of diminishing himself, and marring his inheritance, by marrying a widow, has his name, family, and inheritance, buried in oblivion and disgrace. B.C. 1312

Ruth Married to Boaz. B. C. 1312. Ruth 4:9-12 9 And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi.   10 Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from Continue Reading

Ruth 4:1-8; Ruth Refused by Her Kinsman; Boaz calls court immediately; But why was Boaz so hasty?; But that which made Boaz love her, and solicitous to expediate the affar, was that all her neighbours agreed she was a virtuous woman, this set her price with him ‘far above rubies [Prov. 31:10]; Note, Fair and open dealing in all matters of contract and commerce is what all those must make conscience of that would approve themselves Israelites indeed, without guile. B.C. 1312

R U T H CHAPTER 4 In this chapter we have the wedding between Boaz and Ruth, in the circumstances of which there was something uncommon, which is kept upon record for the illustration, not only of the law concerning the marrying of a brother's widow (Deut. xxv. 5, &c.), for cases help to expound laws, but of the gospel too, for from this marriage descended David, and the Son of David, whose espousals to the Gentile church were Continue Reading

Ruth 3:14-18; Ruth Sent Back in Peace to Naomi; Note, We must always take care, not only to keep a good conscience, but to keep a good name: either we must not do that which, though innocent, is liable to be misinterpreted, or, if we do, we must not let it be known; We must avoid not only sin, but scandal; “Sit still, my daughter, till thou know how that matter will fall–how it is decreed in heaven”, so the Chaldee reads it, for marriages are made there; Sometimes that proves best done for us that is least our own doing; “Sit still, therefore, and see how the matter will fall, and say, Let it fall how it will, I am ready for it”; Sit still, and see how the matter will fall, for the Lord will perfect that which concerns thee, and will make it to work for good for thee, Ps. 37:4,5; Psalm 138:8; ‘Your strength is to sit still, Isa. 30:7.’ B.C. 1312

Ruth Sent Back in Peace to Naomi. B. C. 1312. Ruth 3:14-18 14 And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor.   15 Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.   16 And when she came to Continue Reading

Ruth 3:6-13; Ruth’s Reception by Boaz; He did not offer to violate her chastity, though he had all the opportunity that could be; The Chaldee paraphrase thus decants upon it–He subdued his concupiscence, and did not approach to her, but did as Joseph the Just, who would not come near to his Egyptian mistress, and as Phaltiel the Pious, who, when Saul had given him Michal, David’s wife [1 Sam. 25:44], put a sword between himself and her, that he might not touch her; Boaz knew it was not any sinful lust that brought her thither, and therefore bravely maintained both his own honour and hers. B.C. 1312

Ruth's Reception by Boaz. B. C. 1312. Ruth 3:6-13 6 And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her.   7 And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.   8 And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a Continue Reading

Ruth 3:1-5; Ruth’s Visit to Boaz; “My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee?”; Naomi’s resolve: In justice to the dead, to raise up seed to those that were gone, and so to preserve the family from being extinct; Note, A married state is, or should be, a state of rest to young people; Wandering affections are then fixed, and the heart must be at rest; It is at rest in the house of a husband, and in his heart; Those are giddy indeed that marriage does not compose. B.C. 1312

R U T H CHAPTER 3 We found it very easy, in the former chapter, to applaud the decency of Ruth's behaviour, and to show what good use we may make of the account given us of it; but in this chapter we shall have much ado to vindicate it from the imputation of indecency, and to save it from having an ill use made of it; but the goodness of those times was such as saved what is recorded here from being ill done, and yet the badness of Continue Reading

Ruth 2:17-23; Ruth’s Report to Naomi; Note, Parents should take care to enquire into the ways of their children, how, and where, and in what company they spend their time; Parents should examine their children, not to frighten nor discourage them, not so as to make them hate home or tempt them to tell a lie, but to commend them if they have done well, and with mildness to reprove and caution them if they have done otherwise. B.C. 1312

Ruth's Report to Naomi. B. C. 1312. Ruth 2:17-23 17 So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley.   18 And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed.   19 And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and Continue Reading

Ruth 2:4-16; The Kindness of Boaz to Ruth; Those that leave all, to embrace the true religion, are worthy of double honour; Note, Those that by faith come under the wings of divine grace, and have a full complacency and confidence in that grace, may be sure of a full recompence of reward for their so doing; From this expression, the Jews describe a proselyte to be one that is “gathered under the wings of the divine Majesty.” B.C. 1312

The Kindness of Boaz to Ruth. B. C. 1312. Ruth 2:4-16 4 And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee.   5 Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this?   6 And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Continue Reading

Ruth 2:1-3; Ruth in the Field of Boaz; There is scarcely any chapter in all the sacred history that stoops so low as this to take cognizance of so mean a person as Ruth, a poor Moabitish widow; But all this was in order to her being grafted into the line of Christ and taken in among His ancestors, that she might be a figure of the espousals of the Gentile Church to Christ. B.C. 1312

R U T H CHAPTER 2 There is scarcely any chapter in all the sacred history that stoops so low as this to take cognizance of so mean a person as Ruth, a poor Moabitish widow, so mean an action as her gleaning corn in a neighbour's field, and the minute circumstances thereof. But all this was in order to her being grafted into the line of Christ and taken in among his ancestors, that she might be a figure of the espousals of the Gentile Continue Reading

Ruth 1:19-22; Naomi’s Reception at Bethlehem; Our times are in God’s hand, both the events and the time of them; “Is this Naomi?” Note, Afflictions will make great and surprising changes in a little time; Note, Nothing conduces more to satisfy a gracious soul under an affliction than the consideration of the hand of God in it; Especially to consider that He Who afflicts us is Shaddai, the Almighty, with whom it is folly to contend and to whom it is our duty and interest to submit; “Perdidisti tot mala, si nondum misera esse didicisti–So many calamities have been lost upon you if you have not yet learned how to suffer. Sen. ad Helv. Tribulation works patience. B.C. 1312

Naomi's Reception at Bethlehem. B. C. 1312. Ruth 1:19-22 19 So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi?   20 And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.   21 I went out full, and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why then Continue Reading