Deuteronomy 29:10-29; The Covenant Renewed; It is the Lord their God they are to covenant with; To Him they must give up themselves, to Him they must join themselves; “It is His oath; He has drawn up the covenant and settled it; He required your consent to it; He has sworn to you and to Him you must be sworn;” This requires us to be sincere and serious, humble and reverent, in our covenant-transactions with God, remembering how great a God He is with Whom we are covenanting, Who has a perfect knowledge of us and an absolute dominion over us; Though God has kept much of His counsel secret, yet there is enough revealed to satisfy and save us; We ought to acquaint ourselves, and our children too, with the things of God that are revealed; We are not only allowed to search into them, but are concerned to do so. B.C. 1451

The Covenant Renewed. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 29:10-29 10 Ye stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel,   11 Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water:   12 That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the LORD thy God, and into his oath, Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 29:1-9; Mercies Called to Remembrance; Note, Those that have solemnly covenanted with God should take all opportunities to do it again, as those that like their choice too well to change; But the far greater part were a new generation, and therefore the covenant must be made afresh with them, for it is fit that the covenant should be renewed to the children of the covenant; “The Lord, who is the Father of spirits, a God in covenant with you, and who had always been so rich in mercy to you, no doubt would have crowned all His other gifts with this, He would have given you a heart to perceive and eyes to see if you had not by your own frowardness and perverseness frustrated His kind intentions, and received His grace in vain.”

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 29 The first words of this chapter are the contents of it, "These are the words of the covenant" (ver. 1), that is, these that follow. Here is, I. A recital of God's dealings with them, in order to the bringing of them into this covenant, ver. 2-8. II. A solemn charge to them to keep the covenant, ver. 9. III. An abstract of the covenant itself, ver. 12, 13. IV. A specification of the persons taken into the Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 27:11-26; The Curses from Ebal; God appointed which tribes should stand upon Mount Gerizim and which on Mount Ebal; The curses come in as exceptions from the general rule, and we know ‘exceptio firmat regulam–the exception confirms the rule’; This shows how ready God is to bestow the blessing; if any fall under the curse, they may thank themselves, they bring it upon their own heads; Note, Ministers must preach the terrors of the law as well as the comforts of the Gospel; must not only allure people to their duty with the promises of a blessing, but awe them to it with the threatenings of a curse; The apostle, following all the ancient versions, reads it, Cursed is every one that continues not, Gal. 3:10; Lest those who were guilty of other sins, not mentioned in this commination, should think themselves safe from the curse, this last reaches all; not only those who do the evil which the law forbids, but those also who omit the good which the law requires. B.C. 1451

The Curses from Ebal. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 27:11-26 11 And Moses charged the people the same day, saying,   12 These shall stand upon mount Gerizim to bless the people, when ye are come over Jordan; Simeon, and Levi, and Judah, and Issachar, and Joseph, and Benjamin:   13 And these shall stand upon mount Ebal to curse; Reuben, Gad, and Asher, and Zebulun, Dan, and Naphtali.   14 And the Levites shall speak, and say Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 27:1-10; The Exhibition of the Law; For the helping of their memories, that they might not forget the law as a strange thing; They must write all the words of this law upon stones; A general charge to the people to keep God’s commandments; for in vain did they know them, unless they would do them; Note, All that have any interest in others, or power over them, should use it for the support and furtherance of religion among them; Though the supreme power of a nation provide ever so good laws for this purpose, if inferior magistrates in their places, and ministers in theirs, and masters of families in theirs, do not execute their offices, it will be to little effect; They must set up an altar; By the words of the law which were written upon the plaster, God spoke to them; by the altar, and the sacrifices offered upon it, they spoke to God; and thus was communion kept up between them and God; The word and prayer must go together. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 27. Moses having very largely and fully set before the people their duty, both to God and one another, in general and in particular instances,--having shown them plainly what is good, and what the law requires of them,--and having in the close of the foregoing chapter laid them under the obligation both of the command and the covenant, he comes in this chapter to prescribe outward means, I. For the helping Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 26:16-19; Israel Reminded of the Covenant; Two things Moses here urges to enforce all these precepts:- That they were the commands of God; They were not the dictates of his own wisdom, nor were they enacted by any authority of his own, but infinite wisdom framed them, and the power of the King of kings made them binding to them; “The Lord thy God commands thee,” therefore thou art bound in duty and gratitude to obey Him, and it is at thy peril if thou disobey; They are His laws, therefore thou shalt do them, for to that end were they given thee: do them and not dispute them, do them and not draw back from them; do them not carelessly and hypocritically, but with thy heart and soul, thy whole heart and thy whole soul; That their covenant with God obligated them to keep these commands; He insists not only upon God’s sovereignty over them but His propriety in them, and the relation wherein they stood to Him; The covenant is mutual, and it binds to obedience both ways. B.C. 1451

Israel Reminded of the Covenant. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy26:16-19 16 This day the LORD thy God hath commanded thee to do these statutes and judgments: thou shalt therefore keep and do them with all thine heart, and with all thy soul.   17 Thou hast avouched the LORD this day to be thy God, and to walk in his ways, and to keep his statutes, and his commandments, and his judgments, and to hearken unto his voice:   18 And Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 26:12-15; Appropriation of Tithes; Concerning the disposal of their tithe; That the poor, and particularly poor ministers, poor strangers, and poor widows, had had their part according to the commandment; It is fit that God, Who by His providence gives us all we have, should by His law direct the using of it, and, though we are not now under such particular appropriations of our revenue as they then were, yet, in general, we are commanded to give alms of such things as we have; and then, and not otherwise, all things are clean to us; This is a commandment which must not be transgressed, no, not with an excuse of its being forgotten; We must learn hence to be public-spirited in prayer, and to wrestle with God for blessings for the land and nation, our English Israel, and for the universal church, which we are directed to have an eye to in our prayers, as the Israel of God, Gal. 6:16; To be earnest with God for a blessing upon His people Israel, and upon the land which He has given us; For how should the earth yield its increase, or, if it does, what comfort can we take in it, unless therewith God, even our own God, gives us His blessing? Ps. 67:6. B.C. 1451

Appropriation of Tithes. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 26:12-15 12 When thou hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of thine increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within thy gates, and be filled;   13 Then thou shalt say before the LORD thy God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of mine house, and Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 26:1-11; The Offering of First-Fruits; Note, When God has made good His promises to us He expects that we should own it, to the honour of His faithfulness; this is like giving up the bond, as Solomon does, 1 Kings 8:56, ‘There has not failed one word of all His good promises.’ And our creature-comforts are doubley sweet to us when we see them flowing from the fountain of the promise; How great soever they were now, and He Himself with them, their beginning was very small, which ought thus to be kept in mind throughout all the ages of their church by this public confession that they might not be proud of their privileges and advantages, but might for ever be thankful to that God whose grace chose them when they were so low and raised them so high. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 26 With this chapter Moses concludes the particular statutes which he thought fit to give Israel in charge at his parting with them; what follows is by way of sanction and ratification. In this chapter, I. Moses gives them a form of confession to be made by him that offered the basket of his first-fruits, ver. 1-11. II. The protestation and prayer to be made after the disposal of the third year's tithe, Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 25:13-19; Amalek to Be Destroyed; A Law against deceitful weights and measures; That justice and equity will bring down upon us the blessing of God, the way to have our days lengthened, and to prosper, is to be just and fair in all our dealings; That fraud and injustice will expose us to the curse of God; A Law for the rooting out of Amalek, Here is a just weight and a just measure, that, as Amalek had measured to Israel, so it should be measured to Amalek again; Amalek are very base and disingenuous; Amalek are very barbarous and cruel, for they smote those that were more feeble, whom they should have succoured; The greatest cowards are commonly the most cruel, while they that have the courage of a man will have the compassion of a man; Amalek are very impious and profane: they fear not God; When God judges He will overcome. B.C. 1451

Amalek to Be Destroyed. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 25:13-19 13 Thou shalt not have in thy bag divers weights, a great and a small.   14 Thou shalt not have in thine house divers measures, a great and a small.   15 But thou shalt have a perfect and just weight, a perfect and just measure shalt thou have: that thy days may be lengthened in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.   16 For all that do such things, and all Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 25:5-12; Marriage of a Brother’s Wife; The law settled concerning the marrying of the brother’s widow; It appears from the story of Judah’s family that this had been an ancient usage [Gen. 38:8], for the keeping up of distinct families; The widow was not to marry again into any other family, unless all the relations of her husband did refuse her, that the estate she was endowed with might not be alienated; A Law for punishing of an immodest woman; Modesty is the hedge of chastity, and therefore ought to be very carefully preserved and kept up by both sexes. B.C. 1451

Marriage of a Brother's Wife. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 25:5-12 5 If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger: her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of a husband's brother unto her.   6 And it shall be, that the firstborn which she beareth shall succeed in the name of his brother Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 25:1-4; Stripes not to exceed Forty; A law to moderate the scourging of malefactors; A law in favour of the ox that treads out the corn; If the crime were not made capital by the law, then the criminal must be beaten; How great soever the crime were the number of stripes should never exceed forty; The reason given for this is, lest thy brother should seem vile unto thee; He must still be looked upon as a brother, and his reputation as such was preserved by this merciful limitation of his punishment; It saves him from seeming vile to his brethren, when God Himself by His law takes this care of him; Men must not be treated as dogs; nor must those seem vile in our sight to whom, for aught we know, God may yet give grace to make them precious in His sight. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 25 Here is, I. A law to moderate the scourging of malefactors, ver. 1-3. II. A law in favour of the ox that treads out the corn, ver. 4. III. For the disgracing of him that refused to marry his brother's widow, ver. 5-10. IV. For the punishment of an immodest woman, ver. 11, 12. V. For just weights and measures, ver. 13-16. VI. For the destroying of Amalek, ver. 17, &c. Stripes Not to Exceed Continue Reading