Deuteronomy 24:14-22; Justice and Generosity; Laws against the injustice of masters against their servants; Laws concerning Judges in capital causes and civil concerns; Of charity to the Poor. B.C. 1451

Justice and Generosity. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 24:14-22 14 Thou shalt not oppress a hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates:   15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee.   16 The Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 24:5-13; The Law of Divorce [Part 2]; A discharge of new-married men from the war; Provision made for the preservation and confirmation of love between new-married people; This fitly follows upon the laws concerning divorce, which would be prevented if their affection to each other were well settled at first; Law against man-stealing; Law concerning the Leprosy. B.C. 1451

The Law of Divorce. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 24:5-13 5 When a man hath taken a new wife, he shall not go out to war, neither shall he be charged with any business: but he shall be free at home one year, and shall cheer up his wife which he hath taken.   6 No man shall take the nether or the upper millstone to pledge: for he taketh a man's life to pledge.   7 If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 24:1-4; The Law Concerning Divorce – Part 1; The Toleration of Divorce; Note, It is best to be content with such things as we have, since changes made by discontent often prove for the worse. The uneasiness we know is commonly better, though we are apt to think it worse, than that which we do not know; By the strictness of this law God illustrates the riches of His grace in His willingness to be reconciled to His people that had gone a whoring from Him. Jer. 3:1, Thou has played the harlot with many lovers, yet return again to me; For His thoughts and ways are above ours. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 24 In this chapter we have, I. The toleration of divorce, ver. 1-4. II. A discharge of new-married men from the war, ver. 5. III. Laws concerning pledges, ver. 6, 10-13, 17. IV. Against man-stealing, ver. 7. V. Concerning the leprosy, ver. 8, 9. VI. Against the injustice of masters towards their servants, ver. 14, 15. Judges in capital causes (ver. 16), and civil concerns, ver. 17, 18. VII. Of charity to Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 23:15-25; Protection of Fugitives; The Law Concerning Usury [Interest]; The law of this chapter provides, For the encouraging and entertaining of Slaves who fled to them; Against Whoredom; Against Usury [Interest]; Against breach of Vows; What liberty a man might take in his neighbours field and vineyard, and what not. B.C. 1451

Protection of Fugitives; The Law Concerning Usury. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 23:15-25 15 Thou shalt not deliver unto his master the servant which is escaped from his master unto thee:   16 He shall dwell with thee, even among you, in that place which he shall choose in one of thy gates, where it liketh him best: thou shalt not oppress him.   17 There shall be no whore of the daughters of Israel, nor a sodomite of the sons Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 23:9-14; Moral and Ceremonial Purity Enjoined; When the host goes forth against thy enemy then look upon thyself as in a special manner engaged to keep thyself from every evil thing; The soldiers themselves must take heed of sin, for sin takes off the edge of valour; guilt makes men cowards; Those that put their lives in their hands are concerned to make and keep their peace with God, and preserve a conscience void of offence; then may they look death in the face without terror; Soldiers, in executing their commission, must keep themselves from gratifying the lusts of malice, covetousness, or uncleanness, for these are wicked things; Even those that tarried at home, the body of the people, and every particular person, must at that time especially keep from every wicked thing, lest by sin they provoke God to withdraw His presence from the host, and give victory to the enemy for the correcting of His own people; Times of war should be times of reformation, else how can we expect God should hear and answer our prayers for success? Ps. 66:18. See 1 Sam. 7:3. B.C. 1451

Moral and Ceremonial Purity Enjoined. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 23:9-14 9 When the host goeth forth against thine enemies, then keep thee from every wicked thing.   10 If there be among you any man, that is not clean by reason of uncleanness that chanceth him by night, then shall he go abroad out of the camp, he shall not come within the camp:   11 But it shall be, when evening cometh on, he shall wash himself with water: Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 23:1-8; Laws of Separation; The laws of this chapter provide, For the preserving of the purity and honour of the families of Israel, excluding such as would be a disgrace to them; That disgrace is here put, Upon bastards and eunuchs; By bastards here the Jewish writers understand, not all that were born of fornication, or out of marriage, but all the issue of those incestuous mixtures which are forbidden, Lev. 18; Upon Ammonites and Moabites, the posterity of Lot, who, for his outward convenience, had separated himself from Abraham; The Edomites and Egyptians had not so deep a mark of displeasure put upon them; Note, God will certainly reckon, not only with those that oppose His people, but with those that do not help and further them, when it is in the power of their hand to do it; The charge at the great day is for an omission: I was hungry, and you gave me no meat. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 23 The laws of this chapter provide, I. For the preserving of the purity and honour of the families of Israel, by excluding such as would be a disgrace to them, ver. 1-8. II. For the preserving of the purity and honour of the camp of Israel when it was abroad, ver. 9-14. III. For the encouraging and entertaining of slaves who fled to them, ver. 15, 16. IV. Against whoredom, ver. 17, 18. V. Against usury, ver. Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 22:13-30; The Punishment of Fornication; The laws here provide, Of Life, Of the Commandments, Of the Reputation of a wife abused, if she were innocent, but for her punishment if guilty; For the preservation of the chastity of wives, Virgins betrothed, or not betrothed; And, lastly, against Incest. B.C. 1451

The Punishment of Fornication. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 22:13-30 13 If any man take a wife, and go in unto her, and hate her,   14 And give occasions of speech against her, and bring up an evil name upon her, and say, I took this woman, and when I came to her, I found her not a maid:   15 Then shall the father of the damsel, and her mother, take and bring forth the tokens of the damsel's virginity unto the elders of the Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 22:5-12; Various Prohibitions; The preservation of order and distinction, that men and women should not wear one another’s clothes; That other needless mixtures should be avoided; For the preservation of Birds; Here are several laws in these verses which seem to stoop very low, and to take cognizance of things mean and minute; Men’s laws commonly do not so: De minimis non curat lex–The law takes no cognizance of little things; But because God’s providence extends itself to the smallest affairs, His precepts do so, that even in them we may be in the fear of the Lord, as we are under His eye and care. B.C. 1451

Various Prohibitions. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 22:5-12 5 The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abomination unto the LORD thy God.   6 If a bird's nest chance to be before thee in the way in any tree, or on the ground, whether they be young ones, or eggs, and the dam sitting upon the young, or upon the eggs, thou shalt not take the Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 22:1-4; Kindness and Humanity; The preservation and good neighbourship, in the care of strayed or fallen cattle. B.C. 1451

D E U T E R O N O M Y CHAPTER 22 The laws of this chapter provide, I. For the preservation of charity and good neighbourship, in the care of strayed or fallen cattle, ver. 1-4. II. For the preservation of order and distinction, that men and women should not wear one another's clothes (ver. 5), and that other needless mixtures should be avoided, ver. 9-11. III. For the preservation of birds, ver. 6, 7. IV. Of life, ver. 8. V. Of the Continue Reading

Deuteronomy 21:18-23; Punishment of a Rebellious Son; Burial of Malefactors; No child was to fare the worse for the weakness of his capacity, the slowness or dullness of his understanding, but for his willfulness and obstinacy; If he carry himself proudly and insolently towards his parents, contemn their authority, slight their reproofs and admonitions, disobey the express commands they give him for his own good, hate to be reformed by the correction they give him, shame their family, grieve their hearts, waste their substance, and threaten to ruin their estate by riotous living–this is a stubborn and rebellious son; A law for the burying of the bodies of malefactors that were hanged; Punishing beyond death God reserves to Himself; as for man, there is no more that he can do. B.C. 1451

Punishment of a Rebellious Son; Burial of Malefactors. B. C. 1451. Deuteronomy 21:18-23 18 If a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father, or the voice of his mother, and that, when they have chastened him, will not hearken unto them:   19 Then shall his father and his mother lay hold on him, and bring him out unto the elders of his city, and unto the gate of his place;   20 And Continue Reading