John 19:31-37; The Crucifixion; This passage concerning the piercing of Christ’s side after His death is recorded only by this evangelist; Many go to heaven that have bands in their death, and die in the bitterness of their soul; The extremity of dying agonies is no obstruction to the living comforts that wait for holy souls on the other side death; Christ died, and went to paradise, but appointed a guard to convey Him thither; This is the order of going to heaven–Christ, the first-fruits and forerunner, afterwards those that are Christs.

The Crucifixion. John 19:31-37 31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was a high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.   32 Then came the soldiers, and brake the legs of the first, and of the other which was crucified with him.   33 But when they came to Jesus, and saw Continue Reading

John 19:19-30; The Inscription on the Cross; The Crucifixion; Those that were crucified, in dying stretched up their heads to gasp for breath, and did not drop their heads till they had breathed their last; but Christ, to show Himself active in dying, bowed His head first, composing Himself, as it were, to fall asleep; God had laid upon Him the iniquity of us all, putting it upon the head of this great sacrifice; and some think that by this bowing of His head He would intimate His sense of the weight upon Him; The bowing of His head shows His submission to His Father’s will, and His obedience to death.

The Inscription on the Cross; The Crucifixion. John 19:19-30 19 And Pilate wrote a title, and put it on the cross. And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE JEWS.   20 This title then read many of the Jews: for the place where Jesus was crucified was nigh to the city: and it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.   21 Then said the chief priests of the Jews to Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but Continue Reading

John 19:1-15; Christ Arraigned before Pilate; The Crown of Thorns and the Purple Robe; The judge abuses the prisoner, though he declares Him innocent, and hopes therewith to pacify the prosecutors; wherein his intention, if indeed it was good, will by no means justify his proceedings, which were palpably unjust.

J O H N. CHAPTER 19 Though in the history hitherto this evangelist seems industriously to have declined the recording of such passages as had been related by the other evangelists, yet, when he comes to the sufferings and death of Christ, instead of passing them over, as one ashamed of his Master's chain and cross, and looking upon them as the blemishes of his story, he repeats what had been before related, with considerable enlargements, Continue Reading

John 18:28-40; Christ in the Judgment-Hall; Christ Arraigned before Pilate; Christ’s Kingdom was not of this world, in which truth faileth, ‘Qui nescit dissimulare, nescit regnare–He that cannot dissemble knows not how to reign,’ but of that world in which truth reigns eternally; Christ’s errand into the world, and His business in the world, were to bear witness to the truth.

Christ in the Judgment-Hall; Christ Arraigned before Pilate. John 18:28-40 28 Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the passover.   29 Pilate then went out unto them, and said, What accusation bring ye against this man?   30 They answered and said unto him, If he were not a Continue Reading

John 18:13-27; Christ before Annas and Caiaphas; The Fall of Peter; Christ Arraigned; Peter Again Denies Christ; Note, Yielding to one temptation invites another, and perhaps stronger; Satan redoubles his attacks when we give ground; One lie needs another to support it, and that another; It is the devil’s politics “Male facta male factis tegere, ne perpluant–To cover sin with sin, in order to escape detection.”

Christ before Annas and Caiaphas; The Fall of Peter; Christ Arraigned; Peter Again Denies Christ. John 18:13-27 13 And led him away to Annas first; for he was father in law to Caiaphas, which was the high priest that same year.   14 Now Caiaphas was he, which gave counsel to the Jews, that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.   15 And Simon Peter followed Jesus, and so did another disciple: that disciple Continue Reading

John 18:1-12; Christ in the Garden; The Treachery of Judas; The Ear of Malachus Cut Off; Christ Yields Himself a Prisoner; One would have thought the cure of Malchus’s ear should have made them relent, but nothing would win upon them: “Maledictus furor, quem nec majestast miraculi nec pietas beneficii confringere potuit–Accursed rage, which the grandeur of the miracle could not appease, nor the tenderness of the favour conciliate.”–Anselm.

J O H N. CHAPTER 18 Hitherto this evangelist has recorded little of the history of Christ, only so far as was requisite to introduce his discourses; but now that the time drew nigh that Jesus must die he is very particular in relating the circumstances of his sufferings, and some which the others had omitted, especially his sayings. So far were his followers from being ashamed of his cross, or endeavouring to conceal it, that this was Continue Reading

John 17:24-26; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; A Petition for the glorifying of all those that were given to Christ, not only these apostles, but all believers; Observe, The Glory of the Redeemer is the brightness of heaven; That glory before which angels cover their faces was His glory; “It is the glory of the Redeemer to dwell in the redeemed: it is His rest for ever, and He has desired it;” Let us therefore make sure our union with Christ, and then take the comfort of His intercession; This prayer had an end, but that He ever lives to make.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:24-26 24 Father, I will that they also, whom thou hast given me, be with me where I am; that they may behold my glory, which thou hast given me: for thou lovedst me before the foundation of the world.   25 O righteous Father, the world hath not known thee: but I have known thee, and these have known that thou hast sent me.   26 And I have declared unto them thy name, and will declare Continue Reading

John 17:20-23; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; “Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;” Next to their purity He prays for their unity; See how much good it would do to the world to know better how dear to God all good Christians are; The Jews had a saying, “If the world did but know the worth of good men, they would hedge them about with pearls;” Those that have so much of God’s love should have more of ours.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:20-23 20 Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word;   21 That they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me.   22 And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them; that they may be one, even as we are one:   23 I in them, and thou Continue Reading

John 17:17-19; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; “Sanctify them through Thy truth: Thy word is truth”: “Complete it, crown it with the perfection of holiness; sanctify them throughout and to the end.” Note, It is the prayer of Christ for all that are His that they may be sanctified; because He cannot for shame own them as His, either here or hereafter, either employ them in His work or present them to His Father, if they be not sanctified; Those that through grace are sanctified have need to be sanctified more and more.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:17-19 17 Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth.   18 As thou hast sent me into the world, even so have I also sent them into the world.   19 And for their sakes I sanctify myself, that they also might be sanctified through the truth. The next thing he prayed for for them was that they might be sanctified; not only kept from evil, but made good. I. Here is the petition Continue Reading

John 17:11-16; Christ’s Intercessory Prayer; He does not pray that they might be rich and great in the world, that they might raise estates and get preferments, but that they might be kept from sin, and furnished for their duty, and brought safely to heaven; He came to conquer, not to countenance, those intemperate heats and passions which make men impatient of life, and importunate for death; It is His will that we should take up our cross, and not outrun it.

Christ's Intercessory Prayer. John 17:11-16 11 And now I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I come to thee. Holy Father, keep through thine own name those whom thou hast given me, that they may be one, as we are. 12 While I was with them in the world, I kept them in thy name: those that thou gavest me I have kept, and none of them is lost, but the son of perdition; that the scripture might be Continue Reading