The Heart of The Old Testament

ISAIAH 52: 13-15
Behold My servant shall deal prudently, He shall be exalted and extolled, and be very high.
As many were astonied at Thee: His visage was so marred more than any man, and His form more than the sons of men.
So shall He sprinkle many nations; the kings shall shut their mouths at Him: for that which had not been told them shall they see: and that which they had not heard shall they consider.

Prudent defined:
Heb. Sakal, to be circumspect and intelligent; considerate; expert; prosperous; to deal prudently; be skilful; have good success; behave self; guide wittingly [v13]. It is translated ,behaved wisely [1Sam.18:5; Ps.101:2]; prosper [Dt.29:9; Jos.1:7; 1Ki.2:3]; good success [Jos.1:8]; deal prudently [52:13]; and understand [Dan.9:25]

Exaltation Planned:
In God’s plan, this always follows humiliation, suffering, obedience and conformity to the chief end in life – the highest good of all [Mt.23:12; Lk.14:11; 18:14; Phil.2;5-11; Heb.5:8-9]. The Heb. Ruwm, means, to rise to a high place; to be lifted up to a high position.

Messiah Anointed:
Heb. Shamem, to stun; grow numb; stupefy; be shocked; make amazed; be astonished; wonder.
Translated astonied [v14] astonishment; wondered; amazed; astonished.

Jehovah’s Servant:
Jehovah’s Servant, not the servant of Satan, man or sin.
This servant is not Israel, the church, or the prophet himself, but the Messiah who was predicted in 7:14; 9:6-7; 42:1; 52:13; 53:11; 65:8.

His exaltation is first introduced as this is the eternal aspect of the Messiah [52:13, 15]; and then His humiliation is dealt with in detail as this is the immediate step to His exaltation [52:14; 53:1-12].

This chapter should have started at 52:13, for it begins the detailed description of the Messiah in suffering and exaltation. THIS IS THE MOST IMPORTANT SECTION OF THE OLD TESTAMENT AND COULD BE CALLED THE HEART OF THE OLD TESTAMENT.

No other portion of the Bible of like size, gives the reasons for the sufferings and death of Jesus Christ.


– Dake A.R.B. : Page 742

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