Moses my servant is dead; now therefore arise, go over this Jordan, thou, and all this people, unto the land which I do give to them, even to the children of Israel.
The 53rd time Jordan is mentioned in Scripture. This marks the end of the ministry of Moses and the beginning of the ministry of Joshua.
Many events took place on the river Jordan.
Lot chose the plain of Jordan [Gen. 13:10-11].
Jacob crossed the river twice [Gen. 32:10].
Israel camped on it at the end of the 40 years [Numb. 22:1].
Here is where the book of Deuteronomy was uttered and written [note m, Dt. 1:10 Dake], and where Joshua received his first instructions [Josh. 1:2].
The river was dried up by a miracle three times:
1. By Joshua [Jos. 3:1-4; 23; 5:1];
2. By Elijah [2 Kin. 2:7-8];
3. By Elisha [2 Kin. 2:13-14].
Here battles were fought [Judg. 3:28; 12:5];
Naaman was cleansed [2 Kin. 5:10-14];
Christianity had its beginning [ [Matt. 3:1-17; Mk. 1:5-9; Lk. 4:1; Jn. 1:28; 3:26; 10:40].
Jordan has its source in the cavern of Phiala in the vicinity of Dan in the north of Palestine, and at the foot of mount Lebanon; it runs underground from the lake Phiala to Cesarea Phillipi where it breaks out and flows about 15 miles south to the Lake Merom and on into the Sea of Galilee and finally the Dead Sea.
It probably continued south flowing into the Red Sea before the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah.
It is 150-200 miles long, but in a direct line it would be only about 80 miles. Its width is 60-100 ft., its depth 6-10 ft., and the valley of Jordon is about 4-10 miles wide.
It overflows its banks in March and April which means it was in that state when Israel crossed it [3:15; 1 Chr. 12:15].
– Dake Annotated Reference Bible: page 264.