When I consider Thy Heavens, the work of Thy fingers, the moon and the stars, which Thou has ordained.
David omits the sun here, indicating his meditation was at night. If he had considered the heavens in the day all he could have seen would be the sun and sky, not the moon and stars. These he wished to introduce because of their immense variety and splendor. The sun he describes in Psalm 19: 1-6.
Our solar system is about 6,000,000,000 miles across. Our galaxy, called the Milky way, contains roughly 400 billion stars, each with its family of planets.
The nearest star is 26,000,000,000,000 miles away.
It is estimated that there are 100 billion galaxies like the Milky way. This would make 40,000 million, million, million [40 sextillion] stars or suns in space.
If each sun is the center of a solar system there are 40 sextillion solar systems or 1,480,000 million, million, million planets and satellites in space.
Of the 360,000 million, million, million major plants 10% are believed habitable.
The earth is believed to be 5 ½ billion years old and middle-aged by celestial standards.
Further, it is believed that if man ever reaches other planets he may find himself just a primitive and comparatively new in existence considering other beings on other planets.
Planets are invisible to terrestrial telescopes because they are cold masses emitting no light of their own.
One thing is certain, the Bible teaches that the heavens are now inhabited [2 Chron. 18:18; Neh. 9:6; Job 25:3; Dan. 4:35; Matth. 22:30; Lk. 2:13-14; Eph. 1:14-15; Col. 1:16-17; Rev. 12:12; 13:6; 19:14].
The earth which is about 25,000 miles in circumference has a solid content of 264,544,857,944 cubit miles.
It is small compared to other planets.
The sun is 1,300,000 times as big as the earth: Jupiter 1,400 times: Saturn 1,100 times: and Uranus 800 times, as big.
The sun is 2,777,000 miles in circumference. Its surface is 366,252,303,118,866,128 cubic miles.
Many of the other heavenly bodies are supposed to be much larger.
Comets and many other bodies are bigger than the earth.
The comet of 1811 A.D. had a head 112,000 miles in diameter and a tail 112,000,000 miles long. It is supposed to appear again in 3,000 years.
Mercury is said to be 36,000,000 miles from the sun; Venus 67,250,000; Earth 93,000,000; Jupiter 484,000,000; Saturn 887,000,000; Uranus 1,787,000,000; Neptune 2,797,000,000; and Pluto 3,675,000,000 miles.
A modern 200 inch telescope can see things in space over 600,000,000 light years from earth, or 3,600,000,000,000,000,000,000 [3 sextillion, 600 quintillion miles from earth].
This is how far light can travel in this many years at the rate of 186,324 miles a second.
A light year is about 5,800,000,000,000 miles.
The new Supernova recently discovered is supposed to have 10,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 [10 septillion] times more energy than the hydrogen bomb.
Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible – Page 618